Breed Information

Boxer – Breed Information

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Boxer – Breed Information

The Boxer is a medium-sized dog breed which originates from Germany. Great with kids and other pets, and suspicious of but polite to strangers, the breed is especially popular with families. According to the American Kennel Club (AKC), the Boxer is currently the 8th most popular breed in the United States.

History of the Boxer

A member of the so-called Molosser dog breeds, the Boxer was bred in Germany in the 1800s from the Bulldog and Bullenbeisser which became extinct by the early 20th century. The public had the opportunity to see the new breed for the first time in 1895 at a dog show in the city in Munich (Germany). It was formally recognized as a breed by the AKC 9 years later.

Boxer Appearance and Physical Characteristics

The Boxer is instantly recognizable by its distinct head and strong, muscular body. Males can reach up to 25 inches in height and weigh about 70 pounds. Females are slightly smaller and lighter. Both males and females have a short-haired coat in fawn or brindle color with or without white markings and black mask. On average, Boxers have life expectancy of 9 to 10 years.

Boxer Personality and Temperament

The AKC describes the Boxer as intelligent, active and cheerful although it is also very protective, especially when around strangers. Boxers love being around children and are also good with other dogs and pets. Mistrustful of strangers, however, dogs of this breed are well-behaved and very friendly to other people when noticing that they mean no harm.

In order to grow into a happy, well-behaved and balanced dog, the Boxer – just like any other dog – requires early training and socialization.

Boxer Grooming and Care

Boxers are “low maintenance dogs” when it comes to grooming and care, and need only an occasional bath to keep their coat soft and shiny. Just like other dogs, they need regular nail trimming/clipping to prevent splitting, have their ears cleaned and inspected for signs of ear infection, and brushed their teeth on a daily basis if possible.

Boxer Diet and Exercise

Nutritionally rich and balanced diet is crucial for a happy and healthy life, and longevity of any dog. And the Boxer is no exception. Since it can be very difficult to choose between the many formulas available and since nutritional requirements tend to change over time, it is a good idea to consult a veterinarian on things such as type of food, frequency of feeding and size of portions. Also, it is of utmost importance for the dog to have access to clean water at all times.

Boxers are high-energy level dogs which means that they need plenty of exercise. Since they are very smart and intelligent, they appreciate if exercise involves activities that are also mentally stimulating.

Boxer Health


Just like other breeds, Boxers are more susceptible to some genetic health problems that are passed down in the breed. To reduce the risk of genetic defects and disorders, it is recommended to get the dog from a reputable breeder and work closely with a veterinarian when it comes to disease prevention.

Things You May Not Know About the Boxer

– they were among the first breeds to be used as police dogs in Germany
– they are “housedogs”; they don’t have an undercoat to provide protection against the cold and don’t tolerate high temperatures for an extended period of time
– they don’t like to be home alone

Great Dane – Breed Information

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Great Dane – Breed Information

Also called the Deutsche Dogge and German mastiff, the Great Dane is one of the largest dog breeds in the world. Despite its large size, however, the breed is known to have a very friendly personality which earned it the nickname the “Gentle Giant” and made it one of the most popular breeds in the United States.

History of the Great Dane

Great Dane

The Great Dane is one of the oldest dog breeds around. Large dogs similar to the Dane date back to at least ancient Greece. However, the modern breed was developed only a few centuries ago in Germany, while the American Kennel Club (AKC) officially recognized the breed in 1887.

Great Dane Appearance and Physical Characteristics

As mentioned earlier, the Great Dane is a huge breed. Males reach up to about 34 inches and usually weigh 120 to 200 pounds. Females are slightly smaller both when it comes to weight and height although they can weigh as much as 130 pounds as well. Due to their size, the Great Danes have a relatively short lifespan which is in average 8 to 10 years although some also live up to 13 years.

The breed has a short and thick coat. According to the AKC, there are 9 standard colors: black, white, black and white, brindle, blue, mantle, merle, harlequin and fawn. Very common is also chocolate and variations of chocolate which, however, is not a recognized color.

Great Dane Personality and Temperament

Aside from their large size, dogs of this breed are also known for their gentle personality, calm temperament and friendly character as well as for being very obedient, sensitive and well behaved. But it is highly important to have them properly trained at an early age. The breed gets along well with kids but due to the large size and tendency to seek attention, the Dane can be very difficult to manage by young children.

Great Dane Grooming and Care

The Great Dane’s short coat doesn’t require any special care other than regular grooming and periodic bath. Just like other breeds, the “Gentle Giant” should also be regularly cleaned his ears, trimmed his nails and brushed his teeth. This can easily be done at home but you may want to ask your vet to show you the best techniques.

Great Dane Diet and Exercise

Just like other breeds, the Great Dane needs a healthy and nutritionally balanced diet to live a long and happy life. For help in selecting the best formula, determining the amount and frequency of feeding, turn to a vet who will also help you develop an optimal diet based on the dog’s age, weight, health and other specific requirements.

The “Gentle Giant” doesn’t need much exercise. In fact, he mustn’t be over-exercised, especially in puppyhood. Due to the rapid growth, puppies are at increased risk of developing problems with bones and joints. And exercise makes these problems only worse.

Great Dane RRAH

Great Dane Health

In comparison to crossbred dogs, the Great Danes are more likely to develop health problems such as hip dysplasia, bloat, eye problems and cardiac disease. To both reduce the risk and manage these health issues, it is crucial for the dogs to get proper diet, exercise and care as well as regular vet checkups and all the recommended vaccines.

Things You May Not Know About the Great Dane

– Zeus, the largest Great Dane ever recorded was 44 inches tall
– Great Danes don’t need a large fenced backyard to get the necessary exercise
– the breed is very popular with people who live in apartments
– Scooby-Doo is a male Great Dane

Golden Retriever – Breed Information

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Golden Retriever

Due to its friendly appearance, intelligence, obedience and attachment to humans, the Golden Retriever is one of the top 3 most popular breeds in the United States. Predominantly kept as a family dog – the breed gets along very well with kids – the Goldens are also used as hunting dogs, search and rescue dogs, guide dogs for the blind and detection dogs, to mention only a few of many uses.

History of Golden Retrievers

The Golden Retriever was recognized as a breed by the Kennel Club of England in 1911, while the American Kennel Club recognized the breed in 1925. The first Golden Retrievers were developed on the estate of Dudley Marjoribanks, 1st Baron Tweedmouth (1820 – 1894) in Scotland in the mid-19th century. The legend has it that the breed originates from a Russian tracker dog breed that was acquired by Tweedmouth from a circus. However, this was later shown to be a myth. Instead, the Golden was developed by careful inbreeding of Wavy- and Flat-Coated Retrievers, Water Spaniels and Irish Setter with an aim to develop a breed capable of retrieving game from both land and water.

Golden Retriever Appearance and Physical Characteristics

Golden Retriever

The Golden Retriever is a large-sized breed, reaching 21 to 24 inches in height and weighing 55 to 75 pounds. The golden coat (albeit there are several different shades) is thick, soft and shiny, while the hair is straight or wavy but not curly. The hair is long on the ears, chest, under stomach, back, hind legs and tail, and short on the head, front of legs and paws. Shedding is quite heavy, especially during the seasons change.

Golden Retriever Personality and Temperament

The breed is known for its friendly personality, calm character, intelligence, obedience and loyalty. And as mentioned above, the Goldens are also great with children which makes them excellent family dogs. Just like other dogs, however, it is crucial for them to receive early socialization and training.

Golden Retriever Grooming and Care

Golden Retrievers don’t need any special care. To keep their golden hair soft and shiny, they should be brushed twice a week and given a bath every now and then. Equally important is to keep their nails short, regularly clean their ears, brush their teeth – if possible, on a daily basis – and make sure that they receive all the necessary vaccines and protection against fleas, ticks and other parasites.

Golden Retriever Diet and Exercise

Healthy, nutritionally balanced diet plays the key role in every dog’s health and longevity. And Golden Retrievers are no exception. If you need advice or guidance in choosing the best diet for your dog, please consult your vet who will also help you determine your dog’s nutritional needs based on his age and overall health.

Golden Retrievers are a sporting breed and therefore, they need a lot of exercise. They also love to play with their human masters.

Golden Retriever Health

The Goldens can be develop the same health problems as other breeds although they are also prone to some hereditary conditions such as hip and elbow dysplasia. Other common health problems in Golden Retrievers involve the eyes and cardiovascular system. You are recommended to choose a reputable breeder and follow your vet’s recommendations on how to keep your dog happy and healthy.

Things You May Not Know About Golden Retrievers

– Two U.S. Presidents owned a Golden Retriever while in office: Gerald Ford and Ronald Reagan
– They are very friendly to strangers which makes them bad guard dogs
– Their topcoat is water-repellent
– When they get older, the color of the hair gets grayer or whiter

Golden Puppies